24 May 2017 - Communicable Disease Control Branch
- Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any systemic febrile illness in any age group.
- A rash is not always present, especially in the early stages of the disease.
- Early recognition, immediate empirical treatment with parenteral benzylpenicillin and urgent transfer to hospital can be life-saving.
- Serogroup W and Y cases have begun to increase in Australia across all ages, including Aboriginal children, and in some cases have had atypical presentations.
- Urgent notification to the CDCB on suspicion of IMD is vital for a timely public health response.
15 May 2017 - Communicable Disease Control Branch
The Communicable Disease Control Branch (CDCB) has been closely monitoring infectious syphilis notifications in South Australia in light of a multi-jurisdictional outbreak of syphilis occurring across northern Australia. It appears that this outbreak has spread to South Australia, with sustained transmission occurring in Port Augusta, and there is the potential for spread to other regions of South Australia.
In South Australia since November 2016 there has been a clustering of infectious syphilis cases amongst Indigenous persons in the Port Augusta region. Additional cases have occurred in the APY lands, Ceduna/Yalata and Coober Pedy, some with links to Port Augusta. In total, 11 cases of infectious syphilis have occurred in these regions, and of major concern, four cases of infectious syphilis have been diagnosed in pregnant women, and one child has been born with congenital syphilis.