Principles of Patient-Centered Care
The Eight Picker Principles of Patient-Centered Care originated with the Seven Dimensions of Patient-Centered Care, whose development was traced in the 1993 groundbreaking book Through the Patient’s Eyes. Using a wide range of focus groups - recently discharged patients, family members, physicians and non-physician hospital staff - combined with a review of pertinent literature, researchers from Harvard Medical School, on behalf of Picker Institute and The Commonwealth Fund, defined seven primary dimensions of patient-centered care.
- Respect for patients’ values, preferences and expressed needs
- Coordination and integration of care
- Information, communication and education
- Physical comfort
- Emotional support and alleviation of fear and anxiety
- Involvement of family and friends
- Transition and continuity
When these were renamed the Picker Principles of Patient-Centered Care in 1987, an eighth was added, Access to care.
Please click here to see a short video presentation on each principle.